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Environment in Sudan at a Glance
2014-02-02 00:00:00

Environment in Sudan at a Glance

Sudan’s Ministry of Foreign paid attention to the environmental issues at all levels locally, regionally and internationally such serious consideration reflected in the establishment of specialized Department for the environmental affair. The challenges of the environment and its impacts are serious, and increasingly complex.Sudan believes that the environmental issues should be treated through concerted efforts of the international community to save our planet and ensure benefits for current and future generations.A new concept has emerged linking closely the climate change impacts and the ،...

     Rural Woman Empowerment and her Role in Poverty Reduction  Promotion and Present Challenge
2014-02-03 00:00:00

Rural Woman Empowerment and her Role in Poverty Reduction Promotion and Present Challenge

Background: Sudan  enjoys  a  strategic  location  in  the  center  of  the  African  continent.  It  shares geographical Location with seven countries of North, East, West and central Africa with total land area of 1,882,000 million km square  (250 million hectare). Current  estimates  put  the  population  at  excess  of  30,419,625  million  (North  Sudan)  , female 14.796  million  with  annual  growth  rate  estimated  at ،...

Women Empowerment   Policy
2014-02-03 00:00:00

Women Empowerment Policy

Introducti          In the context of the aspirations of the Sudan, in light of current processes of  transformation  currently  underway  in the  Sudan,  and  in consideration  the  significant  contribution  to  the  social  and  economic development  of  the  Sudan  by  Sudanese  women  in  recent  decades; there is a better understanding of the concept of empowering women within  a  framework  of  realizing ،...

Two Areas
2014-02-04 00:00:00

Two Areas

   A Tale of Two States The Agreement on South Kordofan and Blue Nile States and the Path of Implementation and the Recent Security DevelopmentsThis paper aims to clarify and illustrate the situation of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, from its inclusion in the agreement up to the current situation. We have summarized the agreement in the points below. The entire agreement is published and available for those who wish to obtain further details. Important points in the Agreement- Negotiations with the SPLM covered the two states, although th،...

2014-02-05 00:00:00


Protocol between the Government of Sudan and SPLM/A on the Resolution of Abyei ConflictAbyei Area Referendum ACT 2009How the Abyei experts exceeded their mandate Arbitration Agreement between The Government of Sudan and The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement on Delimiting Abyei Area Agreement Of Temporary Arrangements For Administration And Security Of The Abyie Area.Agreement Between The Government of Sudan And The UN Concerning The Status of The UNISFA . AUHIP Proposals Towards a Resolution of The Issue of AbyeiAUHIP TFA Proposal Final Sudan Legal Note 27.12 LASTThe Republic of Sudan ،...

Home » Important Articles » Parliament

The Sudanese Parliament

    • 1910: The beginning of parliamentary experience in Sudan with the formation of the Governor-General Council during the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium era. It was tasked with the discussing and passing laws, regulation and orders issued by the Governor-General.
      1943: The Consultative Council of Northern Sudan (28 members):
      • Appointed by the Governor-General (sir. John Muffy) and consisted of tribal leaders, civil administration and religious scholars in northern Sudan. It was boycotted by the educated elite.
      1948 – 1953: The Legislative Assembly
      • The first legislative institution in Sudan, the assembly formed under legislation passed by the Governor-General, whose legislative authority at that time, along with the Executive Council, was above the authority of Legislative Assembly.
      • It had 79 members, consisting of tribal leaders and merchants who were chosen by appointment.
      • President of the Assembly: Mohamed Salih Al-Shingiti.
      • The Assembly passed a resolution by the Condominium to grant Sudan autonomy.
      1954: The first Sudanese Parliament
      • Formed according to The Sudan Agreement (November 13th 1953) with 97 seats.
      • Speaker: Mohamed Salih Al-Shingiti.
      •  The proposal for independence was introduced during this parliament and was passed unanimously on Monday, December 19th , 1955.
      1958: The Second Parliament
      • Consisted of the Senates (50 seats) and House of the Representatives (193) seats.
      •  Speaker: Dr. Amin Alsayyid.
      1963: The Central Council (During the era of the president/ Ibrahim Abboud)
      • Comprised of (82) seats: membership through (elections/ appointment)
      •  Speaker: Awad Abdurrahman Sagheer.
      1965: The First Constituent Assembly
      • (232) seats membership through elections( geographical/ gradate seats)
      •  Speaker: Mubarak Al-Fadil Shadad.
      •  Witnessed the presence of the first female Member of Parliament.
      1968: Second Constituent Assembly
      • (210) seats through direct elections
      •  Speaker: Dr. Mubarak Al-Fadil Shaddad.
      1973 – 1974 The First National People’s Council
      • 255 seats ( through geographical constituencies and quotas/ appointment)
      • Most important achievement: drafting the country’s permanent constitution.
      •  Council speaker: Professor Al-Nazeer Dafalla.
      1974 – 197: Second National People’s Council
      •  229 seats ( through elections and appointment)
      •  Council speaker: Al-Rasheed Al-Tahir Bakr.
      1978: The Third 1980: National People’s Council
      • Formed after the National reconciliation and with the participation of the other political parties
      •  Consisted of 229 seats
      •  Speaker: Abul-Gasim Mohamed Ibrahim.
      1980 – 1982: The Forth 1980: National People’s Council
      •  358 Seats (through election and appointment)
      •  Speaker: Abul-Gasim Hashim
      1986 – 1989: The Third Constituent Assembly
      • 301 seats, following the Jafar Nimieiri era (geographical constituencies and graduates lists)
      •  Assembly speaker: Mohamed Ibrahim Khalil.
      1996 – 1999: The First/ Second National Council
      •  425 seats (Membership through appointment and by position).
      • The first transitional legislative institution in the National Salvation government era
      • The first representative council to be transformed into an elected parliamentary entity
      •  Speaker: Ahmed Mohamed Al-Amin Khalifa.
      2000: The Third National Council
      • 360 seats(Membership through election and appointment in areas where holding elections proved to be difficult
      •  Speaker: Dr. Hassan Abdullah Al-Turabi.
      2005: The Forth National Council
      • Established in accordance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
      • 450 seats according to political party quotas as stipulated by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
      • Speaker: Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Tahir.
      2010: The National Council
      • 450 members elected by geographical constituencies and proportional representation (women/general)
      •  Witnessed for the first time the introduction of the proportional system and the adoption of quota system for women who account for 25% of parliament
      •  Speaker: Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Tahir
      •    Approved the results for the South Sudan referendum, where citizens of southern Sudan chose to be independent from the country. The structure of parliament was changed according to geographical constituencies and proportional representation attributed to the new population size, bringing the seat total to 354.  

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